Ornament And Imagery

Individual motifs   Three main classes of motifs are used: geometric; conventional, or stylized; and illustrative, or naturalistic. The geometric repertoire is built up from variations and combinations of meanders, polygons, crosses, and stars. Meanders, chiefly for borders, range from the simple serration employed from earliest times to fairly complex hooked forms, characteristically the angular … Continue reading Ornament And Imagery

Materials And Technique

Most carpets are made of sheep’s wool, which is durable, dyes readily, and handles easily. Camel hair wool or goat wool is rarely used. Too dull to make an attractive pile, cotton’s strength and smooth yarn make it an ideal warp (see below); it is used in the East for the entire foundation or for … Continue reading Materials And Technique

Color in Rug

From earliest times until the late 19th century, only natural dyes were used. Some came from plants such as madder, indigo, sumac, genista, and woad; some from mollusks and insects. Most have been improved by the addition of various chemicals, such as alum, which fix colours in the fibre. Except for dark brown to black … Continue reading Color in Rug

Design execution in Rug

Transferring the design is done in various ways. It can be transferred to the carpet directly from the mind and hand of the weaver or indirectly from a pattern drawn on paper. Using the latter technique, a rug can be executed directly from the pattern, or the design can be transferred first to a cartoon. The … Continue reading Design execution in Rug

Elements Of Design

Elements Of Design Field and border designs Designs usually consist of an inner field—the pattern in the centre of the carpet—and a border. The latter serves, like the cornice on a building or the frame on a picture, to emphasize the limits, isolate the field, and sometimes control the implied movements of the interior pattern. … Continue reading Elements Of Design

About Rug

Rug and carpet, any decorative textile normally made of a thick material and now usually intended as a floor covering. Until the 19th century the word carpet was used for any cover, such as a table cover or wall hanging; since the introduction of machine-made products, however, it has been used almost exclusively for a … Continue reading About Rug

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